The Risk of Household Separation in Rural India: A Survival Analysis
Etienne Breton1
1Princeton University

A sizeable literature shows that intergenerational coresidence remains widespread in much of the developing world. However, this literature mostly relies on cross-sectional data and thereby overlooks key changes affecting longitudinal patterns of household formation and dissolution. Addressing this question, the present study examines premortem household separations – sons forming their own household before their father’s death – in rural India. These separations violate traditional norms and offer a pivotal measure of household change in patrilocal contexts. The 1999 round of the REDS provides a unique opportunity to study these separations by applying survival analysis models on a national sample of rural households. Contrary to results from cross-sectional studies, preliminary findings show a sizeable increase in premortem household separations during the second half of the 20th century. Further analyses reveal that landlessness and having multiple brothers predict higher rates of household separation, whereas education has no significant association with household separation.