Excess Mortality in the United States in the Twenty-First Century: An Age-Specific Assessment
Samuel Preston1, Yana Vierboom2
1University of Pennsylvania, 2Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research

It is widely recognized that the US has fallen behind other wealthy countries in measures of mortality. In this paper, we use three indexes to identify how mortality in the US compares to that in large European countries since 2000. We focus on measures that locate the comparative position of the US by age. First, we provide updated information on the ratio of age-specific death rates in the US to those in a composite of European countries. In the second and third measures, new to such comparisons, we estimate the number of excess deaths and years of life lost by counting the number of age-specific deaths in a particular year that would not have occurred if the US had the set of age-specific death rates of the European composite.