(Grand)parental Support and Adult Children's Transition to Parenthood in the United States
R. Rutigliano1, Léa Pessin2, Marina Potter2
1Groningen University, 2Pennsylvania State University
Research about parental support and adult children’s entry into parenthood focuses mainly on one parental characteristic, such as childcare provision or geographical proximity. However, parental support is a complex and multi-dimensional concept which include different types of provisions and which depends on parents’ individual characteristics, resources, and constraints. In this study, we address this complexity by using rich data from the PSID. We assess the importance of parental support for adult sons and daughters’ transition into parenthood. We built two different measures of in-time and in-money propensities to receive parental support. We analyze the role of receiving any-support from their own parents for adult daughters and adult sons. We find that adult daughters’ fertility decisions are highly responsive to prospective time and monetary support, whereas this is not the case for adult sons. Our results speak to the unequal strain of parenthood between men and women in the United States.