The Impact of Partner Disability Status on Women’s Labor Outcomes Across Three Veteran Cohorts
Angela Clague1, Sara Johnsen2, Hilary Flowers2
1Department of Sociology, UCLA, 2University of California, Los Angeles

The present research investigates the impact of residence with a disabled partner on women’s paid work, focusing on an important subpopulation of American families: veterans. Using data from the 2015 wave of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we employ OLS to estimate the effects of different factors on women’s hourly wages. We find as the male partner’s number of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations increases, women’s hourly wages significantly decrease by 16.2%. Further, the association varies by veteran cohort: co-residence with an OEF/OIF/OND veteran suffering from a psychological disability is associated with women earning lower hourly wages. Results not only provide evidence that partner disability produces variation in the distribution of women’s hourly wages, but also indicate that there are differences based on disability type (physical or psychological) and veteran cohort. If caretaking reduces women’s labor force participation, it may be considered an additional cost of military service.