Racial Stratification and the Consequences of Gentrification on Residential Mobility
Jackelyn Hwang1, Iris Zhang, Lance Freeman2
1Stanford University, 2Columbia University

Concerns over the consequences of gentrification have grown as gentrification has become increasingly widespread, but empirical evidence surrounding its effect on residential displacement, particularly for racial minorities, have remained mixed. While most quantitative studies on the topic focus on whether gentrification increases the likelihood that disadvantaged residents move, this study examines where residents move and examines how race and neighborhood racial composition shape these outcomes. Building on recent evidence from Philadelphia that uncovers distinct trajectories between disadvantaged movers from gentrifying neighborhoods depending on the neighborhood racial composition, this study tests whether these trends hold across the U.S. Drawing on the geocoded version of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), we compare moves, involuntary moves, move distances, and characteristics of movers’ destinations across neighborhoods using different gentrification measures by individuals’ race and neighborhood racial compositions. This research contributes to literature on urban change, place stratification, and residential mobility.