The Long-Term Consequences of Chronic Conditions in Childhood: Using Relative Distributions to Investigate Differences in Earnings and Health in Young Adulthood
Emmanuelle Arpin1, Arjumand Siddiqi1, Claire de Oliveira2, Audrey Laporte1
1University of Toronto, 2University of York

We conducted non-parametric descriptive analyses using relative distribution (RD) methods to characterize and quantify distributional differences in earnings and health (mental health score) between young adults (18-28) who suffered from an illness in childhood (0-17) compared to those who did not. We use the US Child Development Supplement (CDS) and the Transition into Adulthood Supplement (TAS) from the Panel Survey of Income Dynamics (PSID). Young adults who suffered from a psychological health condition in childhood fare worse in earnings and mental health, compared to those who did not; the proportion of low earnings for these individuals is 50% higher in the lowest decile of the relative distribution. Location and shape decompositions show that distributional differences are largely driven by a clustering of individuals who report an illness in childhood at the median. Covariate decompositions suggest that educational attainment is a mediator for earnings. These results will inform subsequent parametric analyses.