Black-White Differences in Exposure to Household Mortality: Variation across the lifecourse and by SES
Angela Dixon1, Jaquelyn Jahn2
1Emory University, 2Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

There are large U.S. black-white inequalities in life expectancy that meaningfully alter families. Given that Black individuals are more likely to reside in multi-generational households, we estimate racial disparities in cumulative household exposure to death. We use data from 4,844 non-Hispanic black and 8,737 non-Hispanic white respondents in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a nationally-representative, longitudinal study that started in 1968. We estimate cumulative household deaths at four life course stages, as well as across socioeconomic status, using zero-inflated Poisson models. Black people experience 1.8 times more household deaths on average than white people (95% CI: 1.57, 2.05). Racial disparities were evident at nearly all lifecourse stages, except for among those 65+, and at all levels of wealth. Prior work has identified racial disparities in exposure to death of nuclear family members. Our findings underscore the importance of residential proximity of these deaths.